What is Corona Virus
Coronavirus is coming from the family of viruses that cause diseases in animals. Seven of those viruses had made it to humans and cause symptoms like cold. There are two more coronaviruses, i.e., MERS & SARS. MERS – Middle East Respiratory Syndrome and SARS – Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome, both of them have killed 1500 people since 2002. The new Corona Virus is officially called as COVID-19, and the 20% percent of confirmed cased of COVID-19 has been classified as severe or critical. And the death rate of this new Corona Virus COVID-19 is 0.7-3.4%, which depends on the location and the access to hospitals, it is very much lower than the fatality rates for MERS & SARS, but still, it is a very significant threat to humanity. Scientists believe that COVID-19 has two strains and one aggressive than others; that is the reason which makes it more complicated to develop a vaccine.
How it all started?
The source of this new Corona Virus is said to be the Sea Food Market in Wuhan, where they sell banned animals, fish & birds. The wet market in Wuhan, China, is said to be the primary source of this virus because of the Hygiene standard, and the animals are kept in the closed vicinity of the butcher site, due to this viruses start spreading from animal to human. The animals, birds, and fishes are kept in the densely packed cage in that market, which might be the cause of the COVID-19 outbreak. It is said that bat is the original source of the epidemic, but although bats are not sold in the Wuhan market, it is said that bat has bitten live chickens or other animals, and all infection has started from there. Bats are the reason because it has a wide range of zoonotic viruses like HIV, Rabies & Ebola. As of March 2020, the COVID-19 virus is now in more than 100 countries, including all popular tourist places like Singapore, Thailand, Malaysia, India & Vietnam.
Symptoms of CoronaVirus
The first symptoms of CoronaVirus are the common cold, and later it goes into Fever, Dry Cough, Tiredness & Shortness of Breath. The signs of COVID -19 Coronavirus starts 10-15 days after contracting with the virus. According to WHO research, 80% of people infected with symptoms of Coronavirus recovers automatically without needing any special treatment. However, 16% of people suffer serious illness and develop difficulty in breathing. Old age people who have medical problems like diabetes, lung complaints, heart problems, blood pressure are more likely to develop serious illness.
Vaccine of Coronavirus
Currently, the vaccine of Coronavirus is not available, but all the researchers and scientists are racing to create an antidote. The vaccine will not be available until one year, and it is more likely that health care workers will be at the risk of contracting to COVID-19 virus. Scientist believes that the Coronavirus has muted into two strains; that’s why it will make it more challenging to create a Vaccine in less time.
Affected Travel Plans
The foreign offices of all countries have said that their citizen should not visit China & if they have visited in after Jan 2020, they should report it to authorities. WHO has declared that Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is a Pandemic, and traveling to any country is not safe at this point in time. Earlier this month, a British Tourist has picked a virus from another tourist at French Ski Resort. As the number of infected cases is rising day by day, many airlines are canceling their flights due to the economic reason because either passenger has canceled their tickets or flight doesn’t have 50% occupancy for the destination. Some of the major Airports are monitoring direct flights from china and monitoring all passengers who are traveling to any destinations. The temperature of passengers is checked on arrival, and a small pack sanitizer & mask is also distributed. Researchers say that proper hand hygiene at the airport could stop the virus from spreading up to 40 percent.
How to Protect Yourself?
The Coronavirus is affecting people who have low immunity power. It is commonly impacting older people & children since the virus is spreading from the droplets, you should always maintain hand hygiene. You can regularly clean your hands by using soap, hand rub, sanitizer & water. Also, try to maintain a 1-meter distance from anyone who is sneezing and coughing because of the liquid droplets can spread from the nose & mouth of an infected person and you might end up inhaling the droplets. You should also avoid touching mouth, nose & eyes. Your hand always touches multiple surfaces, and if it gets in touch with contaminated surfaces or virus, it might get affected whenever you touch your face. To practice the best hygiene, one should always wear a mask, and if you feel to cough or sneeze, you should use tissue paper or bend your elbow whenever you sneeze or cough, it is the best way to keep yourself & others safe. Also, you should always dispose the tissue paper immediately after you use that for cough or sneeze.
For More info, you can visit the official website of WHO & its guidelines for Coronavirus.